The second science discussion meeting took place on 7th of February 2013 and was jointly lead by Omair Taibah and Reem Taibah on the topic of from the field of Physics.
In this joint session, Omair and Reem Taibah talked about Bose-Einstein Condensates (BECs). As an intro to the theory, Omair explained the briefly the basics of Quantum Mechanics. He explained quantized energy levels in a Hydrogen atom and an infinite potential well. Then he moved on to explain Pauli Exclusion Principle and the difference between Bosons and Fermions. After that, he moved on to explain the statistical physics behind Bose-Einstein condensates through basic statistics and then the application in a two-state system. Later, he explained how the idea can be expanded to have multi-state system and how to project Fermi-Dirac statistics and Bose-Einstein statistics on Fermions and Bosons respectively. Finally, Omair explained how to theoretically make BECs through forcing Bosons into occupying the lowest energy level possible. Reem picked up from here and explained different techniques to achieve that.